Modelling negative thermomechanical effects in reinforced road structures with thermoelastic incompatibility of coating and reinforcement materials
Keywords:reinforced asphalt concretes, thermomechanical incompatibility, mathematical modelling, destruction prevention
The phenomena of the formation of local defects and cracks in asphalt concrete pavements of roads and bridges are most often observed in climatic zones with large temperature differences during their seasonal and daily changes. To a large extent, this is due to the heterogeneity of the thermomechanical properties of the materials of the coating layers and the base. To prevent these phenomena, reinforcing rods and meshes are introduced into the coating structure. In this work, using the theory of thermoelasticity, it is shown by the method of mathematical modelling that in cases of incompatibility of the thermomechanical characteristics of asphalt concrete materials and reinforcement, additional localized thermal stresses arise in its small vicinity, which, even at moderate temperatures, can reach critical values and lead to local defects and cracks. Since these defects are latent, they cannot always be detected in practice. The presented results of analytic calculation validated these conclusions. They can be used in both road building and composite design.
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