Mathematical modelling of crystallization of polymer solutions
Keywords:homogenization, integral transformations, iterative method, crystallization, mathematical model, nonlinear boundary value problem
The processes of homogenization and crystallization of polymer solutions in cylindrical pipes are considered, which are described by the convective-diffusion equation with respect to the solution temperature and kinetic equations with respect to homogenization and crystallization of the polymer known as the thermokinetic nonlinear boundary value problem. A numerical-analytical iterative method for solving this problem is proposed, which consists of stepwise obtaining solutions of kinetic equations with respect to homogenization and crystallization of polymer solutions depending on the solution temperature and obtaining a solution of the convective-diffusion problem with respect to melt temperature. The accuracy of the obtained solution is determined by the norm of the difference between two adjacent iterations. The value of the crystallization coefficient, which is close to unity, determines the length of the dosing zone and the transition to the next zone – the flow of homogenized polymer into the distribution head of the extruder. The results of mathematical modelling are given.
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