On equilibrium of an open economy under presence of unused funds and specified consumption levels
AbstractAn open economic system is studied in which monopolies and non-insatiable consumers are present. The levels of consumption needs and taxation rates of consumers in the economic system are specified. The presence of non-insatiable consumers leads to a creation of unused funds in the economy. The unused funds cause the decrease in the economy functioning efficiency. The equilibrium states of the economy are determined that correspond to minimal values of unused funds. The equilibrium principles are a Walrasian type. The algorithm for solving the economy equilibrium problem was proposed. The determined limitations of model characteristics provide an existence of such economic system's equilibrium. The characteristics of an equilibrium state that is optimal in terms of an efficiency of an economy functioning are determined as in the case of the presence of monopolies and absence of monopolies.
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